Tetanus Information-www.souhu.com

Tetanus Information-www.souhu.com

Alternative Tetanus, also known as lockjaw, is a serious but preventable disease. Tetanus is an illness characterized by an acute onset of hypertonia, painful muscular contractions (usually of the muscles of the jaw and neck), and generalized muscle spasms without other apparent medical causes. It typically arises from a skin wound that becomes contaminated by a bacterium called Clostridium tetani, which is often found in soil. In the United States, most cases of tetanus follow a cut or deep puncture injury, such as a wound caused by stepping on a nail. Tetanus affects skeletal muscle, a type of striated muscle. The other type of striated muscle, cardiac or heart muscle cannot be tetanized because of their intrinsic electrical properties. In recent years, approximately 11% of reported tetanus cases have been fatal. The highest mortality rates are in unvaccinated persons and persons over 60 years of age. The potent toxin that is produced when the tetanus bacteria multiply is the major cause of harm in this disease. Tetanus often begins with muscle spasms in the jaw (called trismus), and can be accompanied by difficulty swallowing and stiffness or pain in the muscles of the neck, shoulders, or back. These spasms can spread to the muscles of the abdomen, upper arms, and thighs. The symptoms can occur anywhere from days to months after exposure to the bacteria. Tetanus may be fatal despite treatment. The disease is rare in the United States, with less than 100 cases of tetanus reported annually. The best defense against tetanus is prevention. Treatment for tetanus may include medications, surgery, and bed rest. Tetanus Treatment and Prevention Tips 1. Tetanus can be prevented by vaccination. 2. Metronidazole treatment decreases the number of bacteria . 3. Chlorpromazine can be given to control the muscle spasms. 4. Drug diazepam (given directly into a vein) can control the muscle spasms. 5. Use of a tetanus antitoxin, such as tetanus immune globulin (TIG) is also recommended. About the Author: 相关的主题文章: